The Japanese barberry (Berberís thunbergii) is one of the most important ornamental shrubs grown in the northern latitudes of the United States. The shrubs have a slow to average growth rate, gaining around 1 to 2 feet per year. Japanese Barberry (alias; Berberis thunbergii DC) Barberry is a dense, round, thorny shrub that grows 2 to 6 ft. high. Shrubs … Typically the most work you'll have to do for this shrub is keep it pruned, but even that's minimal unless you are particular about its shape or size. Regular applications of a general garden fertiliser from spring to autumn will ensure optimum performance. Shrubs form dense stands that displace native species. Popular Barberry Shrubs. Ehrenfeld JG, 1997. Barberry usually grows taller than a person. Spring, no. Main types – Japanese barberry, hybrids. The pale yellow flowers are small and hidden under the leaves. In spring it is bright red, holding its color all summer, and in fall taking darker tones, bringing brilliance to your garden for months and months. Species diversity is greatest in South America and Asia; Europe, Africa and North America have native species as well. Crimson Pygmy Dwarf Japanese Barberry Shrub Rich Purple Foliage, Compact Growth, Beautiful Red Berries: 1 Gal. Ehrenfeld JG, 1999. Japanese barberry is an invasive species that arrived by way of our gardens. In spring it is bright red, holding its color all summer, and in fall taking darker tones, bringing brilliance to your garden for months and months. Flowers have 6 pale yellow to whitish petals first opening in May and the fruit is an elongate red berry with one or a few seeds, often remaining on the branches until November. Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings; Ingestion may cause mild stomach upset; Berberis thunbergii species is invasive in the United States. Here are the different types of dwarf barberry shrubs. The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Japanese barberry is a native of Asia. Japanese Barberry is actually a fairly common garden and "landscaping" plant in Portland, why, I can now grudgingly say is probably because of its pretty new growth which catches the light just so. The thorns are usually 4 - 10 mm long, sharp and stiff. The thornless Japanese barberry is a deciduous ground cover and shrub. This Asian native was introduced to the U.S. as an ornamental in 1875 when seeds were shipped from St. Petersburg to Boston’s Arnold Arboretum. Japanese Barberry has individual thorns along its branches, while the thorns of European Barberry and American Barberry are more often branched, producing 1-3 thorns in a cluster. The stems and thorns are reddish-brown. Japanese barberry leaves are small, rounded, and smooth. It can grow 3-6 feet tall with slightly curving branches. 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