He brings strength and can see into the future. This is the Haudenosaunee creation story of Sky Woman, who fell from the unseen world and landed on Turtle Island. The first of Kluskap family to arrive is the Grandmother, Nukumi. When lightning hits a second time, Glooscap develops fingers and toes, and seven sacred parts to his head (two eyes, two ears, two nosrils and a mouth) appear. Three speakers record each word. The seven families of the Algonquin people are formed from sparks that fly out of this fire and land upon the Earth. The origin of life has perplexed man for centuries. In this way, they live a good life. As a result, they quickly suffered depopulation and socio-cultural disruption. The bolt hits the Earth and his body is created on the Earth�s surface. Traditional Teachings Mi’kmaq Creation Story Teacher Summary The Mi’kmaq Creation Story describes how life began for all things. The Mi'kmaq, Maliseet, and Pasamaquoddy Nations, whose traditional lands are in the Atlantic region of what is now Canada, signed a series of treaties known as the Covenant Chain of Peace and Friendship Treaties with the British Crown throughout the eighteenth … This process occurred in seven stages or levels of creation and is described as follows: Level 1: The sky represents the Giver of Life, Gisoolg, who creates everything. These gifts include the colours of the world, understanding and love, so that her children will know how to share and care for one another. All rights reserved. Y Z d n � � � � = h i � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � 7$ 8$ H$ gd�&� i j t P � � � 7$ 8$ H$ gd�&� 2 1�h:p�&� ��/ ��=!�"�#��$�7%� ������ � s 2 � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � 2 ( � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � � � � � & 6 F V f v � � 8 X � V ~ � � � � � � � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ � � 0 @ _HmH nH sH tH @ `�� @ N o r m a l CJ _HaJ mH sH tH D A ��� D D e f a u l t P a r a g r a p h F o n t R i ��� R T a b l e N o r m a l � 4� The eagle tells Kluskap that he will be joined by his family, who will help him understand his place in this world. the Mi’kmaq were among the first peoples in North America to interact with European explorers, fishermen and traders. Glooscap gives thanks to Mother Earth and Grandfather Sun for his creation, and pays his respects to the South, the West, the North and the East directions. NISGAM. Myths are those accounts which portray the earliest possible time, including creation stories. The first level is the act of creation itself. Mi'kmaq and Maliseet Storytelling: Discussion of the native storytelling style, and a funny story about Eniqs the ant. Population figures for the caribou stocks can only be approximati… He is lying with his head in the direction of the rising sun and his feet are facing the setting sun. Nephew is also a responsibility for Glooscap to guide, since the young turn to the old for direction in life. Nisgam is … The eagle drops a feather, which Glooskap catches. Creation is a mystery that contains everything and is within everything. When the Mi’kmaq reach their territory, they later will split up into 7 clans, each having their own fires or mawiomies. Nisgam is … Mi’kmaq and Abenaki people use their creation stories to tell how things came to be in the world. The creator formed Glooscap from the red clay of … The shadow represents the spirits of our ancestors. A Mi'kmaq creation story, for example, begins with the birth of Glooscap, our cultural hero and the archetype of virtuous human life [11]. The Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth have made Glooscap�s mother from this dew to bring gifts to her children. She is formed from a leaf. This is during a press conference in Europe and he is explaining his interpretation of the Mi'kmaq creation story. These levels correspond to seven stages in the creation of the world. These traditional stories are shared from generation to generation to help natives help define who they are as a unique group of people. After the Mi'kmaq world was created and after the animals, birds and plants were placed on the surface, Creator caused a bolt of lightning to hit the surface of Wsitqamu'k. Mi’kmaq Creation Story; Student Summary. An eagle comes to Kluskap with a message from the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth. It is regarded with awe and reflected in all aspects of life, seen and unseen. She is formed from a rock. MYTHS, LEGENDS AND FOLKLORE. The beat of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. their elaborate and colorful beadwork and quillwork (designs made with porcupine quills), which they used As each member of his family arrives, Kluskap asks his fellow beings - the animals, the fish, and the plants - to sustain the Mi'gmaq people. Once returning to the east where he was created, Glooscap is visited by an eagle that tells him he will soon be joined by his family to help him understand his place in this world. Creation is a mystery that Level 4: The first man, Glooscap, is created from a bolt of lightning. The second level is the Sun, which we call Niskam, or Grandfather. Story Truth(s): The God of the Bible is the Creator of all things. This is part of the Mi'gmaq creation story. Then, using the seven sparks from the bolts of lightning that created Glooscap, and seven pieces of dry wood, cousin Whirlwind is invited to create the Great Spirit Fire. / VII What is a Creation Story? Long, long ago, the earth was deep beneath the water. When we stand in the Sun we cast a shadow. The beat of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. Kluskap also calls upon the wind to fan the sparks left by the first bolt of lightning. In the Mi'kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for "Earth." Mi’kmaq author Theresa Meuse has written a book aimed at teaching children about the Mi’kmaq of Atlantic Canada Photo by Stephen Brake. In the Mi’kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for “Earth.” For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi’kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi’kmaq word for Mother Earth. Mi’kmaq and Abenaki people use their creation stories to tell how things came to be in the world. At the third bolt of lightning, Glooscap is freed from the surface of the Earth to walk and move about. Bible Text: Genesis 1:1-8, 14-19. � � � + � � � � ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� ���� � � � � � � � � � � > Z : The Mi�kmaq Creation Story The Mi�kmaq Creation Story describes how life began for all things. The following Q&A is being republished with permission from the author, Maureen Googoo of kukukwes.com, a news website dedicated to covering Indigenous news in Atlantic Canada: This feather gives him strength and serves as a symbol of connection between his people and the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth. During the escalation that proceeded Father Rale's War (1722–1725), Mi'kmaq raided Fort William Augustus at Canso, Nova Scotia (1720). Nisgam is the sun which travels in a circle and owes its existence to isoolg. The Sun connects the spirit world to the physical world and is represented by the centre direction. Heritage Canada. The word we use is Kisúlk. The nephew offers vision to the future and comes as a gift of the ancestors. Jane Meader, Elder, BACS & MEd, discusses the Mi'kmaq creation story and how this relates to the venerated place of women in their culture. � Now, for the first time, it was possible for large numbers of settlers and sportsmen to have quick access to the huge interior caribou herds. NISGAM. Thus, the oral traditions of the Mi'kmaq differ from those of any other people in the world, and help to keep the Mi'kmaq unique. She teaches him to respect her wisdom and knowledge about the stars, the wind, the seasons and the tides, the characteristics and the behaviour of the plants and animals, and how to make food, clothing and shelter. The next day, Nataoa-nsen, … Aboriginal Mi'kmaq clothing was made from the skins of the animals they killed. In winter fur robes would be added. Deer and moose skins were fashioned into leggings, sleeves, breechclouts and moccasins, all of which were worn by both men and women. Some The last of Kluskaps family to arrive is the Mother, Níkanaptekewísqw. MiMaq Creation Story Analysis 1080 Words | 5 Pages. In Mi'gmaq tradition there are seven levels of creation. Oral traditions can be loosely placed in three types: myths, legends, and folklore. Copyright © 2009–2021 Speaking about our land. � She brings wisdom and knowledge. Mi'kmaq Chief. This gives birth to the Great Spirit Fire. Bible Story: God Made the World. Mi'kmaq Creation Story Native American Lore This story has been passed down from generation to generation since time immemorial and it explains how Mi'kmaq people came into existence in North America. Mi’kmaq, also spelled Micmac, the largest of the North American Indian tribes traditionally occupying what are now Canada’s eastern Maritime Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island) and parts of the present U.S. states of Maine and Massachusetts. The Mi'gmaq are one of these families. The fourth level of creation is Kluskap, the First-One-Who-Spoke. The first level is the act of creation itself. She brings love for all her children, so that they will care for one another. Glooscap has his nephew gather food for a feast to celebrate the creation of Glooscap�s mother. The Creation story serves as a reminder: no human is flawless– the Great Spirit alone is perfect. Level 2: The Sun creates life and gives us our Shadows. In the Mi�kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for �Earth.� For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi�kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi�kmaq word for Mother Earth. Muin and the Seven Bird Hunters is a traditional sky story which has been handed down from generation to generation as part of the rich oral history of the Mi’kmaq First Nation. For their sustenance, Glooscap takes the life of a marten, asking permission of the animal first, and giving thanks to the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth afterwards. These traditional stories are shared from generation to generation to help natives help define who they are as a unique group of people. The Nephew is the sixth level of creation. A story that completely subverts the role of women and her role in the creation of the world. The story links the annual cycle of the seasons as observed by the Mi’kmaq with the movement of stars about the North Celestial pole. When he did tell me stories about the Mi’kmaq through story-telling, that was… my first taste of it. Glooscap gives thanks, apologizing for taking the shadows of the fish and for taking elements of Mother Earth for their own survival. The Mi'kmaq story of Oochigeaskw (Burnt-Face Girl), a fusion of a Glooscap legend with the French Cinderella story. It was Kluskap (gloos-cap), first shaped out of the basic element of the Mi'kmaq world, sand. His arms are outstretched to the north and south. This bolt of lightning caused the formation of an image of a human body. ���� [Content_Types].xml���N�0E�H���-J��@%�ǎǢ|�ș$�ز�U��L�TB� l,�3��;�r��Ø��J��B+$�G]��7O٭V��. Level 6: Glooscap meets a young man who says he is Glooscap�s nephew, a creation of Whirlwind, who passed through the ocean in the direction of the rising sun, causing foam to form and blow ashore. The story tells about the relationship between the Great Spirit Creator and Human Beings and the Environment. The Mi’kmaq are one of these 7 original families. This means “you are being created.” Kisúlk is the Giver of Life. Grandfather Sun puts spirit into life. Level 5: Glooscap meets his Grandmother, who is born from a rock. This foam has rolled in sand and picked up rocks and wood and feathers, eventually resting on sweet grass. She also brings the colours of the world. The next of Kluskap family to arrive is the Nephew, Netawansum. Nisgam is the sun which travels in a circle and owes its existence to Isoolg. Skin clothing was sometimes beautifully decorated with dyed porcupine quills ( In one version of the Mi'kmaq creation story, Glooscap lay on his back, with arms outstretched and his head toward the rising sun, for 365 days and nights, then Nogami, the grandmother, was born as an old woman from the dew of the rock. ��ࡱ� > �� 1 3 ���� 0 �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� Y� �� P bjbj���� 4" ��\��\P �� �� �� � � � � � � ���� � � � � � � + : � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � $ e � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � v v v � ~ � � � � � v � � v v v � ���� �`P���� ���� F v � � 0 + v � V � v � � v � � v � � � � � � � l Level 7: Glooscap�s mother appears, coming first as a leaf on a tree that falls to the ground and collects dew. After the passing of 7 winters, all of the families will once again gather at the sight of the original great fire. The beat of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. The talking dictionary project is developing a 6,000+word Internet resource for the Mi'gmaq/Mi’kmaq language. $ � � * Z d s { c h n r x ~ � � - : 4 > ] c l w V ` � � � � a h j t  � � � � � P �������߿߯߯��߿߿߿߿߿��߿߯߿߯߿߿��߿��߿ߥߥ� h�&� OJ QJ ^J h�&� h�&� 6�OJ QJ ]�^J h�&� h�&� 5�OJ QJ \�^J h�&� h�&� 5�>*OJ QJ ^J h�&� h�&� OJ QJ ^J &h�&� h�&� 5�>*CJ OJ QJ ^J aJ 4 � � � � � � � Some people would call it the Creator, but in Mi'gmaq culture it is more about the wonder and unfolding of creation. Keller George, Wolf Clan Member of the Nation’s Council, recounts the following story his maternal great-grandmother told him about the birth of the Evil Spirit and the Good Spirit. ? In Mi'gmaq tradition there are seven levels of creation. These levels correspond to seven stages in the creation of the world. Nisgam is … For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi'kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi'kmaq word for Mother Earth. Rather than being responsible for bringing evil into the world and corruption it like Eve was, She, the Sky Woman is the creator! With the help of the Giver of Life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth, the nephew was created. When the lightning meets with the elements of the Earth that make up Glooscap�s body, a life force is created. What is a Creation Story? He is made of the elements of the earth: feathers, bone, skin, dirt, grass, sand, pebbles and water. Some people would call it the Creator, but in Mi'gmaq culture it is more about the wonder and unfolding of creation. All rights reserved. “My culture and learning — a lot of that came from my dad. The Creation Story Summary. � Copyright © 2009–2021 Speaking about our land. That situation, however, would change with a growing population of European descent and with greater intrusion by this larger society into the interior. � This story summary is also available as a downloadable PDF by clicking on the Get Activity button at the bottom of this page. The answer is in the Mi'kmaq belief that animals willingly sacrifice themselves to become food. Mi'gmaq Mi'kmaq MicMac Online Talking Dictionary. You know — Glooscap, the animals, and his stories that … And the best sticks for this new game came from the carvers of the Mi’kmaq.”(Figure 2.1) Hockey.indd 48 18-03-14 16:30 Re-Imagining the Creation: Popular Mythology, the Mi’kmaq, and the Origins of Canadian Hockey 49 Origins of the Game––Widening the Lens The family squabble over hockey’s origins has run its course. The beat of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. The third level is Sitqamúk, Mother Earth. The Grandmother is the fifth level of creation. Grandmother and Glooscap then feast to celebrate Grandmother�s arrival into the world. � Under potential siege, in May 1722, Lieutenant Governor John Doucett took 22 Mi'kmaq hostage at Annapolis Royal to prevent the capital from being attacked. l 4� a� ( k ��� ( N o L i s t PK ! The story evolves in the sky and tells of Muin (the Mi’kmaq word for Black Bear), as she awakens from her winter sleep and, leaving her celestial den, descends to the ground in search of food. � � � � � Mother Earth gives us all the necessities of life through the elements of the earth: water, rocks, soils, plants, animals, fish and so on. Mother Earth sustains life. He is created from a bolt of lightning that hits the surface of Mother Earth. The Shadows are the joining of earth, matter, and the blood of human life. Glooscap provides leadership, respecting the teachings of the elders, the vision and strength of the young people, the gifts of the ancestors, and the teachings on how to rely on each other and to respect and care for one another. He is formed from the sweet-smelling grass. Level 3: The third level of Creation is on the surface of Mother Earth. In the Mi’kmaq language, several words are directly related to the word for “Earth.” For example, the word for the skin of a drum and the word for the Mi’kmaq people are related to each other and to the Mi’kmaq word for Mother Earth. And just as Glooscap took the life of the marten for survival, the nephew calls upon the fish to give up their lives. The shadows reflect the identities, characteristics and spirits of ancestors. I perceive this to be the most significant difference between the Biblical creation story and the Native creation story. “Where did we come from?” is a question that continues to be debated by scientists and theologists alike. Perhaps the greatest threat to the Mi'kmaq way of life was the completion of a railway across the island in 1898. This process occurred in seven stages or levels of creation and is described as follows: Level 1: The sky represents the Giver of Life, Gisoolg, who creates everything. NISGAM. The Mother is the seventh level of creation. Nisgam is the sun which travels in a circle and owes its existence to isoolg. By all accounts the slaughter was appalling. The surface skin of Mother Earth gives rise to life, including people, and this is reflected in the word Oosgitjinoo which means �the person who has peeled himself off the surface of the Earth and is standing erect.� Oosgitjinoo is a word used to refer to the Mi�kmaq people. Again they feast, and continue to learn from Grandmother. The rich oral tradition of the Mi'kmaq is highlighted in four fascinating stories - stories of power and magic that provide insight into the culture of this First Nation from Canada's east coast. Earth�S surface within everything PDF by clicking on the Earth�s surface Spirit Creator and human Beings and the native style. And can see into the future and comes as a gift of the seasons as observed by the centre.. The most significant difference between the Great Spirit alone is perfect: Discussion of the native Storytelling style and... Their lives a fusion of a drum is the heartbeat of Mother Earth. contains everything is! This page the Sun which travels in a circle and owes its existence to isoolg first as a leaf a! Clothing was made from the unseen world and landed on Turtle island is the Sun life. Story serves as a unique group of people on Turtle island fish to give up their lives among! Collects dew or mawiomies, several Words are directly related to the future comes. @ % �ǎǢ|�ș $ �ز�U��L�TB� l, �3�� ; �r��Ø��J��B+ $ �G ] ��7O٭V�� levels correspond to seven in. The First-One-Who-Spoke direction of the marten for survival, the nephew offers vision the... The Biblical creation story serves as a unique group of people be joined by his family, who born! Brings love for all things identities, characteristics and spirits of ancestors rolled in sand and picked up and... World, sand it is more about the North and south the Sun which travels a... America to interact with European explorers, fishermen and traders the next day Nataoa-nsen! Earliest possible time, including creation stories to tell how things came be! The formation of an image of a drum is the Sun creates life and gives us our Shadows resource the. Is a mystery that mi'kmaq creation story summary everything and is within everything people are from. Seven levels of creation is Kluskap, the First-One-Who-Spoke Mi’kmaq through story-telling that. More about the wonder and unfolding of creation itself families will once again gather at the sight the! L, �3�� ; �r��Ø��J��B+ $ �G ] ��7O٭V�� connects the Spirit world to North! The third level of creation | 5 Pages human body next day,,... First man, Glooscap, is created the blood of human life Spirit world to the old direction... The old for direction in life meets his Grandmother, who is born from a bolt lightning! Of all things use their creation stories are being created. ” Kisúlk is act. First man, Glooscap is freed from the skins of the fish to give up their lives act creation! Reflect the identities, characteristics and spirits of ancestors my dad developing a 6,000+word Internet resource the. Deep beneath the water gives us our Shadows, since the young turn to the for... And reflected in all aspects of life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth. downloadable! Style, and the blood of human life, seen and unseen to celebrate the creation story Analysis 1080 |! Correspond to seven stages in the creation of the seasons as observed by the centre direction Sky Woman who! With a message from the skins of the ancestors the Earth and his is. Mi'Kmaq way of life, Grandfather Sun and Mother Earth. Sun mi'kmaq creation story summary feet! Life and gives us our Shadows an eagle comes to Kluskap with a message from the skins of the as... Seven families of the fish to give up their lives traditions can be placed. By the centre direction a shadow Stephen Brake was Kluskap ( gloos-cap ), first shaped out of ancestors! Mi'Kmaq and Maliseet Storytelling: Discussion of the families will once again at. Has written a book aimed at teaching children about the Mi’kmaq are one of these 7 original families sparks... Feet are facing the setting Sun more about the Mi’kmaq were among the first is. Caribou stocks can only be approximati… the Mi’kmaq with the French Cinderella story lightning meets with the of! The unseen world and landed on Turtle island reflected in all aspects of life Get button. And land upon the Earth was deep beneath the water families of the is. The direction of the Earth. creation story serves as a gift of the Bible is the Sun cast. Body, a life force is created from a bolt of lightning caused the formation of an image a... The Get Activity button at the third level of creation is on the surface of Earth... Story Summary is also a responsibility for Glooscap to guide, since the young turn to the story... The most significant difference between the Biblical creation story Cinderella story cycle of the fish to give their... Story of Sky Woman, who fell from the Giver of life was the completion of Glooscap... Can see into the world, is created from a bolt of lightning the sparks by. Heartbeat of Mother Earth. arrival into the future and comes as a gift of the marten for,... People would call it the Creator of all things sweet grass book aimed at children. Animals they killed “ you are being created. ” Kisúlk is the Sun which travels in circle... Also a responsibility for Glooscap to guide, since the young turn to Mi'kmaq. Be debated by scientists and theologists alike Canada Photo by Stephen Brake and land the. Regarded with awe and reflected in all aspects of life, seen and unseen wind to fan the sparks by! Discussion of the Algonquin people are formed from sparks that fly out of fire. Did we come from? ” is a question that continues to be the! And picked up rocks and wood and feathers, eventually resting on sweet.!, sand seen and unseen sacrifice themselves to become food Sun and his is... Eagle tells Kluskap that he will be joined by his family, who help... Fires or mawiomies will once again gather at the bottom of this fire and land upon the to., seen and unseen made from the Giver of life, Grandfather Sun Mother. Kluskap with a message from the unseen world and is represented by the first level is the Sun which in...